Mt Kailash, 6,740 m. is situated to the north of the Himalayan barrier, wholly within Tibet. Mt Kailash is the perfect mountain with awesome beauty, with 4 great faces.
Mt Kailash is the spiritual enter for four great religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Hinduism, the Jain religion and the pre-Buddhist animistic religion – Bonpo.
To Tibetans Mt Kailash is known as Khang Rimpoche (Precious Jewel of Snow) and they see the Mt. Kailash as the navel of the world. It is said that a stream from the mountain pours into a nearby lake and from here rivers flow in the four cardinal directions.
The River of the Lion Mouth to the North, the River of the Horse Mouth to the east, the River of the Peacock Mouth to the south and the River of the Elephant Mouth to the West. Strangely enough, four major rivers do indeed originate near Kailash, the Indus, the YarlungTsangpo (Brahmaputra), the Karnali and the Sutlej.
Tibetans believe that it is the residence of Demchog, a fierce looking tantric deity who lives there with his consort, Dorje Phagmo. For the Tibetans also, it is a particularly special place in that their poet saint Milarepa, spent several years here meditating in a cave.
For the Hindus Mt Kailash is the earthly manifestation of Mt. Meru, their spiritual centre of the universe, described as a fantastic ‘world pillar’ 84,000 miles high, around which all else revolves, its roots in the lowest hell and its summit kissing the heavens. On the top live their most revered God, Shiva, and his consort Parvati.
For the Jains, an Indian religious group, Kailash is the site where their first prophet achieved enlightenment.
For the older, more ancient religion of Bon, Kailash is the site where its founder Shanrab is said to have descended from heaven. It was formerly the spiritual center of Zhang Zung, the ancient Bon Empire that once included all of western Tibet. Bon people walk around the mountain in a counter clockwise manner, unlike the other religions.
Over the centuries pilgrims have constantly journeyed immense distances to achieve enlightenment or cleanse themselves of sin, braving enormous distances, particularly harsh weather and bandit attacks.
Mt Kailash is located in the western part of Tibet at the distance of 1205km from Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet and just 150km from the Sher border between Nepal and China Tibet which is in the western Nepal and Purang county in the western Tibet.
Mt Kailash is the most sacred and holiest mountain for Buddhism, Bonism, Hinduism and Jan Religion. Buddhist believes Mt. Kailash is the Palace of Samvara or Demchok in Tibetan who is the most revered Buddhist deity, Hindu believes Kailash is the seat of the Shiva who is their chief God, Bon Religion believes Kailash is the seat of their lord Buddha Shenrap respectively.
Many of the tourists who take Tibet Kailash tour
considers Kailash is a white crystal in the center of the world and believes visiting the white crystal can bring fortune for their life. Some of the western tourists who don’t get a child after their long-time marriage, also believe that they will be pregnant if you do 12 times of Kailash pilgrimage tour.
In Russia, many people believe that Kailash is a mystical and very magical white crystal mountain and they think that they should do Mt Kailash pilgrimage tour once in their lifetime.
Every year, a thousand of Tibetans take mount Kailash pilgrimage tour during Saga Dawa Festival
which is one of the most sacred and famous festivals in Buddhist religion as it consists of the three important events such as Buddha’s birth, Buddha’s enlightenment and Buddha’s pass away to Nirvana.
At the same time, a thousand of Indians also take Kailash pilgrimage tour during Saga Dawa festival as they also consider to get better merit during the full moon.
Usually, Indians start their Tibet Kailash tour from the end of April till the beginning of October. There are thousands of thousands of Indians taking mount Kailash pilgrimage tour during this period and for them, doing a mount Kailash pilgrimage tour once in a lifetime is one of the most important and a must do thing in their life.
All the above three major religious followers and the tourists do Kora of mt Kailash and Kailash pilgrimage tour counter clockwise but the Bon followers are different than other religious followers do Kora of mt Kailash.
The Bon followers do Mt Kailash Kora anti-clockwise so when you trek around Mt Kailash, you can see many Tibetan Bon followers are taking anti-clockwise Kora of mt Kailash.